What is a 401(k)?

A 401(k) is a retirement savings plan, which commonly accrues interest over the years. Taxes are paid only when you take the money out of the account (which kind of explains why everyone is huffing and puffing over tax increases).

Some employers will match whatever you put into your 401(k), so that means….free money. If you leave your employer, you still get to keep the money. But if you take the money out earlier than when you retire, you'll be hit with taxes and a 10% penalty.

Still confused? Watch John Oliver break down the do's and don't's of 401(k) accounts in this hilarious video below:

What Is Social Security?

We hear politicians mention social security over and over again. And a lot of older people worry if social security will be drained by the time they retire. But what exactly does this all mean?

Social Security covers a lot of people in America, actually. It provides funding to retired and disabled workers, as well as to the families of deceased workers. Basically it does what the title implies. Think of it as one big safety net for the some of the nation's most vulnerable citizens.

According to a Time 2016 report, Social Security Trust is on track to run out by 2036, at which point only 75% of what it doles out will be from payroll taxes (you know, the part of the reason why your check is always slightly lower than what you expect it to be).

The projected depletion is why there are numerous calls to raise the retirement age.

How much should I be paying for rent?

The rule of thumb is that you should be spending no more than 30% of your income on rent. Therefore if you make $4,000 a month, your rent should be no more than $1,200.

Did my parents have it easier growing up?

Short answer, yes. If your parents were embarking on their careers before the 80s, inflation was lower, unions were stronger, and the job market was overall stronger. You can read more about the shift towards emphasizing owning bonds, increasing demand in the housing market, and encouraging consumers to take out as much credit as possible, here.

How Many credit cards are too many credit cards?

There is no magic number! What is most important is that you are paying all of your credit card bills regularly and managing your debt. So don't reverse logic yourself into thinking more credit cards is being more of an adult. Not biting off more than you can chew is what adulting is really all about.

What is the cheapest way to go out?

Drink at home beforehand (but no drinking and driving!), but also bring a set amount of hard cash with you out for the night. It's easy to keep swiping that card throughout the night. With a set amount of cash in hand, you're forced to pace yourself and know when it's a sign to call it a night.

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Airbnb is a great option while traveling, but you should protect yourself from damage charges from unscrupulous hosts.

Airbnb offers an affordable option for people looking to be more comfortable as they travel.

However, there are downsides to staying in a host's home rather than a hotel. Whereas hotels are designed for constant streams of visitors and often have furniture built to last, at an Airbnb, you may be staying on old or cheap furniture that a host is using in order to maximize their profits.

And while most reputable hotels will have regular room inspections from staff to check for any wear and tear, Airbnb damage disputes are oftentimes he said, she said situations. If you are in an Airbnb and something breaks, there are a few steps you should take in order to ensure that you are not on the hook for damages out of your control.

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What Are NFTs?

Art Installation N°1 by Carlos Marcial. Rhett Dashwood / YouTube

If you're keeping tabs on the art and tech worlds, you've probably been hearing whispers about "NFTs" for the past month. Just over the past week they've entered the mainstream lexicon.

Twitter founder Jack Dorsey made the news for selling his first ever tweet. The app has been teasing paid subscription models and newsletter-like features, but tweets for sale is "the next frontier."

The 2006 tweet went up for auction as an NFT, and the current bid is $2.5 Million. But what does it mean to own that? Why would anyone want to? And what even is an NFT?

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Long gone are the days when the majority of Americans dreamed about owning a home with a white picket fence.

The traditional American Dream may be on its deathbed, but that doesn't mean a core component of the vision can't survive. It simply takes a diverse perspective. People can still believe they can attain their own vision of success in society with hard work, knowledge, and risk-taking. Investing in today's American Dream may literally mean investing money in our modern economy, starting with our infrastructure.

Real estate investing in particular is a lucrative method that can boost income and secure a better financial future for many. There's always risk involved, but the payoffs can far outweigh the uncertainty. Selecting solid financial investments is about confidence and competence. If you're looking for some advice on this kind of investment, here are a few savvy tips for new real estate investors.

Stick To a Specific Strategy or Niche

Real estate is a challenging sphere of the business world, one that requires several key skills: groundwork knowledge, networking, perseverance, and organization. True knowledge of the real estate market will come with time and experience, but it's a smart idea to select one area of the market and stick to it. This is the best way to attain in-depth familiarity with your specific niche.

First, choose a geographical area close by and then a niche strategy within it, such as house flips, rental rehabs, or residential or commercial properties. By doing so, you can become aware of current inner working conditions in the market and you'll have a better idea of how these trends may change in the future.

Be Vigilant About Viable Financing Options

While it takes money to make money, you don't have to use all your own money. A common misconception about real estate investing is that you must be wealthy to start off. This isn't straight fact, however. A majority of people can test the waters of real estate investing without a lot of initial cash in their pocket.

Aside from traditional financing options from banks and institutions, private lending options can be worthy solutions. Hard money lenders are popular, reasonable choices, and they tend to have fewer qualification requirements upfront. However, be sure to strategically choose a hard money lender to find the best possible fit.

Master the Art of Finding Good Deals

There may be hundreds of thousands of available properties for sale on the current market, but the bulk of them will never amount to the final money-making result you desire. Another great tip for new real estate investors is to use good math to estimate profit. Taking risks is part of the process, but you have the ability to analyze properties and use networking sources to find the greatest deal. You can't win every deal, but you can steadily work towards a thriving financial future.