Entering your 20s means you'll quickly need to learn how to navigate the world of personal finances, much of which you probably didn't learn in college or high school courses.

Without any previous lessons on finances, it can be challenging to know where to start. Follow this guide as we outline the financial decisions you'll need to make in your 20s.

Setting a Budget

The first step to being a fiscally responsible young adult is setting a budget. Your budget will determine many future financial decisions, from where you can live to what splurges you can make. Look at the expenses you currently owe every month and your projected income to determine how much you should be spending on bills, daily expenses, etc.

Tackling Debt

Getting rid of your debt as early as possible is a critical step for newly independent 20-year-olds. However, some may not be able to get rid of debt as soon as they hope. Once again, look at your budget, then decide if you'd like to put more toward tackling debt now or pay your loans as they come.

Getting Coverage

While you may be able to hold onto your parents' insurance until 26, you'll have to choose your own plans sooner or later. From health insurance to renter's and car insurance, you shouldn't skip an opportunity to cover yourself in the case of an accident. Find a provider and plan you're comfortable with, and get your coverage as soon as possible.

Saving for a Rainy Day

Navigating how to save is another critical financial decision you'll have to make in your 20s. Living paycheck to paycheck is not a sustainable course of action. Even putting a small portion of your wages into a savings account can make a big difference—especially if an emergency you didn't prepare for occurs.

Starting To Invest

Investing is a scary topic for young adults, but it's a great way to build wealth. Starting to invest as a young adult will set you up for success on your long-term financial plan. However, be sure to conduct research before jumping into the market to decide when, where, and how much you'd like to invest.

Your 20s are an optimal time to learn and grow. One area of life you'll undoubtedly learn a lot about is managing finances. Use this guide to help you get started on the path to becoming a fiscally responsible adult.

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Tax deductions can be tricky to understand if you're new to the finance world.

One of the biggest sources of confusion is knowing what you can and can't deduct from your taxes. Deductions can be a massive financial boon for a lot of people, yet not everyone files for them correctly. This causes people to miss out on money that should be theirs. We'll go over some of the most common tax deductions that are overlooked, so you don't get shortchanged when Tax Day comes.

Charitable Contributions

When you start regularly giving to charity, even if the donations are small, you'll want to start getting itemized receipts for your donations. These receipts will help you write off these charitable contributions on your taxes. You can even write off supplies that you bought for use in a charitable cause or any miles you drove on your car while in service to a charity. Make those donations to the Purple Heart Pickup with an open heart, but make sure you get your deduction on top of that.

Student Loan Interest Payments

Student loans take up a significant amount of a lot of people's money. If you're one of these people, make sure that you get a deduction on the amount of interest you paid off in the last year. What's important to remember is that even if you aren't someone's dependent, you can write off the money someone else gave you to pay for said student loans. If someone else helped you pay off part of your loan, don't think that means you can't still get a deduction on that sum.

Child and Dependent Care Credit

If you have a reimbursement account through your job that pays for child or dependent care, you might be forgiven for forgetting about this particular tax credit. However, you can use these funds for a tax credit if you file for them correctly. This is hugely important because this is an opportunity to receive a full tax credit, not just a deduction. You're losing money you could be directly receiving if you don't file for this credit.

Jury Pay Given to Your Employer

A lesser-known tax deduction that often gets overlooked is the money you can deduct from jury pay you gave to your employer. It may not be the most exciting thing to come out of jury duty, especially after handing over any money you receive to your employer, but you do get to deduct however much money your employer made you hand over after you finished jury duty.

Credit for Saving

While this credit is more for people that are working part-time or for those that have a retired spouse, you can get a tax credit for contributing to a 401(k) or another retirement savings plan. This is also a great incentive for those that are just starting out in their careers and need another reason to start saving for the future.

With another stimulus check in your pocket, spending the money on anything you want may seem tempting.

However, it's important to consider your responsibilities and to think about how to make the most of your stimulus check rather than spending it recklessly. Take your budget, your monthly expenses, your family, and your future into consideration and spend the money wisely.

Don't Buy Things with Recurring Costs

Just because you have extra spending money now doesn't necessarily mean you can afford new items with monthly payments, such as a new car. Unless the stimulus check helps you put a down payment on something to lower your monthly payments enough to fit into your normal budget, don't spend money on it. If you can't afford the monthly payments after using the stimulus money, you may put yourself in more debt than the item is worth.

Purchase and Pay Off the Necessities First

You may not get enough money in your stimulus check to pay back all the costs you've accrued during the course of the pandemic, but you should at least try to put a small dent in them. Put aside some money for things such as rent and utilities, but make sure to keep some for living essentials, such as groceries.

Unfortunately, the stimulus check probably doesn't offer enough money to allow you to change a low-budget living situation; for now, continue living as you have been until your financial situation changes permanently.

Consider Your Student Loans

Currently, federal student loans are on an administrative forbearance. However, as the new year begins, the lifting of the forbearance nears and your usual student loan payments may resume.

If you can afford it, consider setting aside the stimulus check for student loan repayments. Keep an eye on what your student loan lender decides to do with their loans, whether it's the government or a private lender. The news may inform you of whether your student loans can accept your stimulus check or not.

Even if the student loan administrative forbearance continues, it's wise to set aside money to pay off some of the debt while the interest rate is 0%. If you can afford to pay off your outstanding interest or student debt and still afford your living expenses, there's no better time than the present to tackle a small portion of your student debt.

Put the Money into Savings

Sometimes the wisest thing you can do with money is nothing at all. As long as you can afford your daily expenses, making the most of your stimulus check may involve saving it for a future emergency. You can take the check back out of your savings and use it on whatever you want after the looming threat of disaster has passed—once you're in a more stable situation, you'll be able to make a wiser financial decision.

If you own a home and are interested in decreasing your seemingly endless monthly expenses, check out these effective ways homeowners can save money.

Everyone likes saving money—especially homeowners.

People who own homes juggle a lot of payments, from utility bills and homeowner's insurance to mortgages and maintenance costs. At times, these constant expenses can become a bit overwhelming, so a homeowner may want to ease the financial burden of owning a home in any way they can.

If you're interested in decreasing your monthly expenses, consider these three effective ways homeowners can save money.

Choose an HVAC System With a High SEER Rating

One of the largest consumers of energy in a household is the HVAC system—especially if the system isn't efficient. As such, homeowners may be able to significantly cut down on their energy bills by investing in a more energy-efficient system.

An easy way to determine if an HVAC system is efficient is by looking at its SEER rating. SEER stands for "seasonal energy efficiency ratio" and represents the HVAC system's average heating or cooling output divided by the average energy that the unit consumes in watts per hour. Most units have a SEER rating that ranges between 13 and 23. By opting for an HVAC system with a higher SEER rating, you can ultimately save a significant chunk of change on your monthly electric bill.

Make an Effort to Maintain Appliances

Another way that homeowners can save money is by taking the time to maintain their appliances. When a large appliance gives out or wears out prematurely, homeowners often end up with a bill of hundreds or even thousands of dollars, depending on the system. Instead of having to drop a huge chunk of cash at a moment's notice, it's better to practice regular maintenance on the appliances in one's home.

Examples of maintenance tasks that all homeowners should do to keep their appliances in good working condition include:

  • Changing AC and heating system filters
  • Cleaning fridge coils and rubber gaskets
  • Cleaning the dryer vent
  • Tightening washing machine lines
  • Flushing and cleaning the hot water heater
  • Changing the water filter

Seal Up Your Home

As previously stated, heating and cooling one's home consumes a lot of energy. However, if your home has a lot of cracks and gaps in it, the hot or cool air from your HVAC system will just slip right out. As a result, your HVAC system will need to work even harder, and your energy bill will climb even higher.

To decrease your monthly energy bill, try sealing up your home as much as possible. Examples of ways to prevent airflow into and out of your home include improving its insulation, sealing any cracks or holes, adding weather stripping to doors, and caulking gaps around windows.