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When news reports discuss the stock market, the Dow Jones Industrial Average is almost always cited. And logically, many people assume that the DOW is an accurate measure of the stock market and the economy. But in reality, this is a little misleading.


In the United States, there are about 5,000 companies traded on stock exchanges. The DOW only includes 30 different stocks. That's only 0.6 percent of the overall stock market — less than even 1 percent. The DOW is definitely not representative of the entire stock market. Extrapolating the health of the stock market and the economy just based on the DOW alone is misleading and can be dangerous.

If the DOW isn't a good measure of the stock market, then why is it so often referenced and cited? Mostly because it is one of the oldest stock market indexes. In fact, the DOW is only preceded by the Dow Jones Transportation Average. The DOW has been seen as a key measure for large blue chip stock prices since it was created in 1896. As such, it does have quite a bit of data. If you compare its numbers historically, you can learn quite a lot about the health of the stock market and the economy over time.

However, the DOW just isn't quite as useful as a day-to-day check in anymore — not with over 5,000 stocks being traded. Maybe back when the market was much smaller, the DOW was a little more representative.

Instead of referencing the DOW, reporters, investors and consumers should look to the S&P 500 or even the Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index. Because the NASDAQ only includes 100 stocks, it falls into the same pitfalls as the DOW. The NASDAQ only represents 2 percent of the stock market, while the S&P represents 10 percent. This is still only a fraction of the market, but referencing it is more efficient than trying to average every single stock that is traded daily. Because the S&P includes more stocks, you can get a better estimate of how the stock market is actually doing on any given day.

Knowing the downfalls of a particular stock index is important, but no single index (unless it includes almost every stock being traded) will always give you a consistent outlook on the market. It is much better to look at several averages and indexes. If they all go down on a certain day, that is a much stronger indicator of an economic downturn than if just one drops significantly. The same goes for increases and anything in between. To truly be certain of the stock market's health, you should really use as many tools as you possibly can.

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Over two years into the most momentous event in our lives the world has changed forever … Some of us have PTSD from being locked up at home, some are living like everything’s going to end tomorrow, and the rest of us are merely trying to get by. When the pandemic hit we entered a perpetual state of vulnerability, but now we’re supposed to return to normal and just get on with our lives.

What does that mean? Packed bars, concerts, and grocery shopping without a mask feel totally strange. We got used to having more rules over our everyday life, considering if we really had to go out or keeping Zooming from our living rooms in threadbare pajama bottoms.

The work-from-home culture changed it all. Initially, companies were skeptical about letting employees work remotely, automatically assuming work output would fall and so would the quality. To the contrary, since March of 2020 productivity has risen by 47%, which says it all. Employees can work from home and still deliver results.

There are a number of reasons why everyone loves the work from home culture. We gained hours weekly that were wasted on public transport, people saved a ton of money, and could work from anywhere in the world. Then there were the obvious reasons like wearing sweats or loungewear all week long and having your pets close by. Come on, whose cat hasn’t done a tap dance on your keyboard in the middle of that All Hands Call!

Working from home grants the freedom to decorate your ‘office’ any way you want. But then people needed a change of environment. Companies began requesting their employees' RTO, thus generating the Hybrid Work Model — a blend of in-person and virtual work arrangements. Prior to 2020, about 20% of employees worked from home, but in the midst of the pandemic, it exploded to around 70%.

Although the number of people working from home increased and people enjoyed their flexibility, politicians started calling for a harder RTW policy. President Joe Biden urges us with, “It’s time for Americans to get back to work and fill our great downtowns again.”

While Boris Johnson said, “Mother Nature does not like working from home.'' It wasn’t surprising that politicians wanted people back at their desks due to the financial impact of working from the office. According to a report in the BBC, US workers spent between $2,000 - $5,000 each year on transport to work before the pandemic.

That’s where the problem lies. The majority of us stopped planning for public transport, takeaway coffee, and fresh work-appropriate outfits. We must reconsider these things now, and our wallets are paying

the price. Gas costs are at an all-time high, making public transport increase their fees; food and clothes are all on a steep incline. A simple iced latte from Dunkin’ went from $3.70 to $3.99 (which doesn’t seem like much but 2-3 coffees a day with the extra flavors and shots add up to a lot), while sandwiches soared by 14% and salads by 11%.

This contributes to the pressure employees feel about heading into the office. Remote work may have begun as a safety measure, but it’s now a savings measure for employees around the world.

Bloomberg are offering its US staff a $75 daily commuting stipend that they can spend however they want. And other companies are doing the best they can. This still lends credence to ‘the great resignation.’ Initially starting with the retail, food service, and hospitality sectors which were hard hit during the pandemic, it has since spread to other industries. By September 2021, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 4.4 million resignations.

That’s where the most critical question lies…work from home, work from the office or stick to this new hybrid world culture?

Borris Johnson thinks, “We need to get back into the habit of getting into the office.” Because his experience of working from home “is you spend an awful lot of time making another cup of coffee and then, you know, getting up, walking very slowly to the fridge, hacking off a small piece of cheese, then walking very slowly back to your laptop and then forgetting what it was you’re doing.”

While New York City Mayor Eric Adams says you “can't stay home in your pajamas all day."

In the end, does it really matter where we work if efficiency and productivity are great? We’ve proven that companies can trust us to achieve the same results — or better! — and on time with this hybrid model. Employees can be more flexible, which boosts satisfaction, improves both productivity and retention, and improves diversity in the workplace because corporations can hire through the US and indeed all over the world.

We’ve seen companies make this work in many ways, through virtual lunches, breakout rooms, paint and prosecco parties, and — the most popular — trivia nights.

As much as we strive for normalcy, the last two years cannot simply be erased. So instead of wiping out this era, it's time to embrace the change and find the right world culture for you.

What would get you into the office? Free lunch? A gym membership? Permission to hang out with your dog? Some employers are trying just that.

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Did you hear about the Great Resignation? It isn’t over. Just over two years of pandemic living, many offices are finally returning to full-time or hybrid experiences. This is causing employees to totally reconsider their positions.

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