How To Build a Skill Set in 2019
2019 is shaping up to be the year of the employee. With wages and benefits expected to increase, along with an influx of new positions offering flexible work environments, it's a good time to be a job candidate. But with more opportunities comes new challenges. According to US News and World Report's 2019 Job Forecast, employers are using new hiring tactics—from personality tests to machine learning assessment tools—to find candidates with the strongest hard and soft skill sets.
If your brain just did a double take, here's an explainer: Hard skills focus on technical, practical workplace knowledge—a proficiency in certain technical tools required for the job (anything from Quickbooks to Java). Soft skills, which are becoming increasingly more essential to the global workforce, tend to be more culture-focused—from communication and adaptability to an understanding of a company's core values.
Ariel Schur, CEO of ABS Staffing Solutions, tells USNewsandWorldReport that companies are "really delving into a deeper level of trying to discern their skill level and knowledge."
Janelle Gale, Facebook's vice president of human resources, echoes that sentiment. "We actually value skills over experience in the grand scheme of things," she tells CNBC. "Apply if you have the relevant skills even if you don't have the right experience, because we're looking underneath the surface for what's really going to matter here and that's what skills you can bring to the table."
So what skills do you need to land your dream job in 2019? According to LinkedIn's latest survey the top in-demand hard skills include UX design, people management, analytical reasoning, AI and cloud computing. The most sought-after soft skills are creativity, persuasion, adaptability, collaboration and time management.
So how do you cultivate the skills you need to land the job you want? You create your own educational program courtesy of the Internet. Here's your three step program.
Go the Head of the Class:
If you're looking to pump up your hard skills, look no further than your laptop. Online learning courses provide low-cost or no-cost courses and research resources on everything from AI to UX and beyond. Check out MockPlus' list of free online UX Design courses provided by professors from University of Michigan, Georgia Institute of Technology and UCSD. Looking to tackle another hard skill? No problem. Sites like EDX and Coursera allow you to search from a database of hundreds of online university courses—from Architecture to Communication and Data Analysis. If you want to learn while you're commuting or working out, there's an app for that. iTunesU features hundreds of lectures from universities around the country so you can brush up on your hard skills for free, without taking too much time out from your busy schedule.
Hit the Books:
If you want to land a top paying gig, skills like analytical reasoning and people management are key. The good news is that the people who have mastered these skills are eager to pass them along. Check out How To Think: A Complete Guide to Analytical Thinking (free on Kindle Unlimited!). In it, Gary Lorrison, of the Oxford Center For the Mind, covers "all of the essential elements of good analytical thinking from different types of claims and beliefs, via argument structure, fallacies and cognitive biases to sound conclusions and consequences as well as how to compare arguments and the best state of mind to consider problems." When it comes to management skills, there are almost too many books to choose from, but Inc.com narrowed it down with this list of 15 books every new manager should read—from Brene Brown's Braving the Wilderness to Carol Dweck's Mindset: The New Psychology of Success.
Watch, Listen and Learn:
When it comes to learning those essential soft skills, mentorship can go a long way. In the digital age that means TedTalks and podcasts with leaders you most admire. If you're stumped by the mystery of creativity—especially creativity under pressure—Eat Pray Love author Elizabeth Gilbert is here to help. From her life-changing TedTalk (seriously, it will blow your creative mind open) to her Magic Lessons podcast, she is the master of unblocking your brain and thinking big picture. With regards to communication skills, Julia Dhar's talk on How To Disagree Productively and Find Common Ground is a great place to start (in less than 15 minutes!). And don't forget David Pogue's 10 Top Time-Saving Tech Tips for time management insights. For more insights on both hard and soft skills from the masters, check out the TedTalks topic page or subscribe to some of the best career-oriented podcasts out there. Emma Gannon's CTRL ALT DELETE features interviews with thought leaders from every field on navigating career challenges in unexpected ways. The Accidental Creative explores creativity in the workplace and The School of Greatness examines how top leaders have overcome some of the toughest career obstacles.
In today's competitive workforce, it's not only crucial to have a skill set you can list on resume, but one you can prove in practice to your potential employer. Absorbing lessons and insights from the titans of every career field is bound to make you a more valuable employee. All you need is a pair of headphones and an open mind.
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Looking for a job? In addition to encountering those annoying never-ending job interviews you may find yourself face-to-face with an artificial intelligence bot.
Companies worldwide increasingly use artificial intelligence tools and analytics in employment decision-making – from parsing through resumes and screening candidates to automated assessments and digital interviews. But recent studies claim that AI does more harm than good.
While AI screening tools were developed to save companies time and money, they’ve been criticized for placing women and people of color at a disadvantage. The problem is that many companies lack appreciable diversity in their data set, making it impossible for an algorithm to know how people from underrepresented groups have performed in the past. As a result, the algorithm will be biased toward the data available and compare future candidates to that archetype.
The City’s Automated Employment Decision Tools (AEDT) law is designed to offset the potential misuse of AI and protect job candidates against discrimination. It was enforced on July 5th, 2023 in New York City - with other cities and states expected to gradually follow suit. Employers must now inform applicants when and how they encounter AI. Furthermore, companies have to commission a third-party audit of the AI software used, and publish a summary of the results to prove that their systems aren’t racist or sexist. Job applicants are able to request information regarding what data is collected and analyzed by the AI. Violations of the law can result in fines of up to $1,500.
Replacing Human Hiring Decisions
However, should a job applicant want to opt-out of such impersonal judgement by a bot, the new law's scope is quite limited.
While the law specifies that instructions for requesting an alternative selection process must be included in the AI screening disclosure, companies aren't actually required to use other screening methods. Not to mention that the law only applies to AI in hiring and not any other employment decisions. It also wouldn't apply if the AI, for example, flags candidates with relevant experience, but a human then reviews all applications, making the ultimate hiring decision.
Some civil rights advocates and public interest groups argue that the law isn’t extensive enough and that it’s even unenforceable. On the other hand, businesses say that it’s impractical, costly, and burdensome, and that independent audits aren’t feasible.
Responsible use of AI in hiring
Although this law may be a good first attempt to assign more regulatory guardrails around AI, it remains to be seen if it ensures the responsible use of AI in hiring processes. At the end of the day, perhaps recruiting talent should remain a human-made decision.
The good news is that AI can help companies without harming potential job candidates in many ways – such as connecting new employees with internal organizational information and company benefits during onboarding. Or helping employees to do their jobs more effectively rather than replacing them.
There’s all this talk about solo travel. And for good reason — no wasting precious time waiting for others to get their act together, take the plans out of the group chat and actually buy the tickets. Going solo, you can be spontaneous. You can plan your trips according to your precise tastes. You can hop on any flight and fly awayyyyyy.
But what if each time you flew you’d get a free ticket? That’s what you get with the Southwest Companion Pass.
Award status, upgrades, lounge access — there are many perks in the frequent flier game. But one of the coveted holy grails is the Southwest Companion Pass.
What is the Southwest Companion Pass?
The Companion Pass is part of Southwest’s Rapid Rewards program. You get to choose one person to be your “companion,” and they fly with you for free (plus some taxes and fees) on every flight. That’s right. Two for the price of one. That’s half off each ticket if you split it! Whether you’re flying with a partner, family member, friend, or anyone else, they can tag along for free.
And it gets better: once you earn the pass, you can reap the rewards for that full calendar year … AND the next. That’s why people go mad trying to earn a companion pass during the early months of the year. The sooner you qualify, the longer you can use it.
There are also no blackout dates. There are no limits. And if you didn’t purchase the ticket (think: work travel, your companion, or a generous benefactor), there are no restrictions! As long as you’re the one on the plane, your companion can also … be on the plane.
You can also switch out your designated companion 3x a year. So, no need to stay in a relationship simply to get the most out of your companion pass! Ghost and fly away — with a whole new companion!
If this sounds too good to be true — it’s not. But there is one small catch. It’s kinda tough to earn this mega reward.
How to qualify for the Southwest Companion Pass?
You can qualify for the pass in one of two ways:
- Fly 100 qualifying one-way flights
- Earn 135,000 qualifying points in a calendar year.
Clearly, this is no small feat — especially if you’re trying to qualify ASAP.
So how do you actually earn the Southwest Companion Pass?
Don’t worry, there’s a path to earning this amazing reward without climbing on 100 flights or spending an exorbitant amount of money.
Earning 135K reward points may seem completely impossible, but it’s easier than it sounds. Simply sign up for a Southwest Credit Card and turn those spending habits into a rapid rewards account. Through the Rewards Priority Credit Card, earn points when using local transit and commuting, plus score major points and miles whenever you spend.
Stay with me here. This is not some scheme to get you into credit card debt. Many airline cards come with potential savings, giantic rewards, awarding you points, and cashback with every purchase you make that can be redeemed for travel. And often they can come with passive sign-up bonuses. If you spend a specific amount of money within a certain timeframe of opening the card, you can be in for a windfall of points.
Now that’s where the companion pass comes in:
- Southwest Rapid Rewards Premier
- Southwest Rapid Rewards Plus Credit Card
- Southwest Priority Credit Card
- Southwest Rapid Rewards Premier Business Credit Card
- Southwest Performance Business Credit Card
Southwest has three personal cards and a business card. Each of these cards offers rewards between 30K-80K points. In the past, people could open two cards and get a bonus that granted enough points to almost meet the minimum. However, with new restrictions on personal cards, you can only get one bonus every 24 months. Boo!
However, this doesn’t apply to business cards. If you’re eligible, have good credit, and not likely to spiral into insane credit card debt, you can open a business card and a personal card, and accrue 100K+ points. The Rapid Rewards Priority Credit Card will get you points after you spend money in no time.
Now to earn the rest of them.
The secret to gaining these credit card points is to plan your card sign-ups around big purchases. Just before a recent move, I opened a card . . . and the rewards came rolling in — a small balm to ease the pain of how exorbitant moving can be.
Put everyday spend — especially big purchases or bulk items — on your Southwest credit card and watch your award points quickly add up. Typically, you earn 1 point per $1 spent on your Southwest card and 2 points per $1 on actual Southwest purchases.
But there are other ways to earn points, including:
- Flying Southwest: Booking travel on Southwest earns more points. The cost of this travel will be worth it with your companion pass
- Shopping from Rapid Rewards Partners: Purchases with Southwest’s “Home & Lifestyle” and “Shop and Dine” Partners also earn Companion Pass qualifying points. While you shouldn’t make gratuitous purchases, browse Southwest’s partners to see if you could earn extra points for items you'd be purchasing anyway. All this, simply from enrolling in their Dining Program and shopping with their partners.
So there you have it! And since it’s almost Spring, get to earning and soon you’ll be flying two for the price of one!