Working from home has become easier and more productive with the hosts of desktop and mobile apps built especially for this purpose. But before you can take full advantage of these powerful programs, you'll probably need to clean up and perform some maintenance on the home iMac or MacBook that will soon become your office. Luckily, that's easy with the following tips and app downloads.

Gather the tools

The first step in any project is preparing the tools. In this case, that means downloading two incredibly helpful, free apps.


But even before that, there's a pre-Step 1: update. All of the following steps will work better if the computer is running its latest operating system. If you're anywhere near the newest version of MacOS, simply open the App Store and download MacOS Sierra for free. This could be the longest step, depending on your internet connection. Opt for a direct Ethernet connection for the fastest download.

Clean

Once your MacOS is freshened up, choose your tools. Two of the best are both free (for their trial versions). Dr. Cleaner will jumpstart your cleaning with its easy-to-use interface. It lives in the menu bar, tracking in the background and offering quick access to memory usage stats and junk file cleaning. For the initial clean, click System Optimizer and explore the file tabs: "Junk Files," "Big Files," the new "Disk Map," duplicates, apps and more. The categories are self-explanatory and will help erase clutter in the Mac's hard drive. Quickly delete leftovers from uninstalled applications and app caches, target the biggest files that might be unnecessary and scan for duplicates.

For $15, Dr. Cleaner Pro will actually delete the duplicates it finds (the free version only locates and lists them). It also unlocks smart app uninstall.

The other app that will help with the initial clean is Cocktail. It's free for the first ten launches and costs $20 after that. With similar functions to Dr. Cleaner (but a deeper, more technical interface), Cocktail might be the preference for someone looking for deeper interaction with the OS. It also has options for changing the behavior of the OS, like changing animations and customizing the dock.

Keep it clean

Now that you've searched, scrubbed, optimized and purged, the marathon task is keeping it all clean. Diligence is required for this but several apps will also help you stay ahead of the clutter. AppTrap is a simple, free app that acts in the background, residing in System Preferences and keeping watch for app extras that linger even after the app has been deleted. Without any effort, AppTrap will warn you about app leftovers when you delete something and offer to wipe the remnants.

Part of maintaining your new "office" is security. This is important for every computer but it's vital for a computer storing sensitive business data. You can spend plenty on name-brand software or you can download Sophos Home, a free security package for your Mac (or PC). It works in the background to protect your computer from malware, adware, malicious websites and those with known security flaws. It also monitors tracking and lets you manage up to ten computers from its in-browser dashboard. As part of your initial clean, it would be wise to perform a full scan (this could take several hours).

For the price (free!) it will be tough to beat Sophos's features set and user-friendly interface.

Back it up

By fully exploring the tools available and performing a smart, thorough cleanup, you'll have reinvigorated your Mac and prepared it for office duty. The last step in ensuring future success with your digital workspace is the most important: Back. It. Up.

Maybe you've never experienced a computer failure before. Maybe you've never even chipped the casing or eaten in the same room as your Mac. Nevertheless, things happen. Besides a hardware failure, your computer could suffer a glitch while updating to High Sierra later this month. A historically safe website could suffer a freak malware attack that damages your computer. One important file could disappear over the weekend. Backing up ensures that even the smallest, least painful glitches won't affect your life or your business. Plus, it's easy.

Your Mac has Time Machine, which is a great, built-in, automatic backup system. It doesn't really get better. All you need is an external hard drive. Buy one that's as big as you can afford. Twice the size of your hard drive might sound like enough, but that will only store two backups, at most. Storage is cheap and becoming cheaper every day. A 2TB Seagate backup hard drive is less than $80 on Amazon and can store lots of backups so you have the best chance of catching everything you need and anything you might have lost.

Make the right choice for your future self and invest (this is an investment in your future) in a backup drive. Simply plug it in, turn on Time Machine and forget about it. Your home office is ready to work as hard as you do and it won't let you down when the pressure is high.

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Over the past month, both Haiti and Afghanistan have been pummeled by tragic disasters that left devastation in their wake.

In Haiti, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake erupted, leading over to 2,189 deaths and counting. A few hours later, in Afghanistan, Kabul fell to the Taliban just after U.S. troops had pulled out after 20 years of war.

In many ways, these disasters are both chillingly connected to US interference. The United States invaded Haiti in 1915, ostensibly promising to restore order after a presidential assassination but really intending to preserve the route to the Panama Canal and to defend US creditors, among other reasons.

But the US forces soon realized that they were not able to control the country alone, and so formed an army of Haitian enlistees, powered by US air power and intended to quell Haitian insurrection against US controls. Then, in 1934, the US pulled out on its own, disappointed with how slow progress was going. Haiti's institutions were never really able to rebuild themselves, leaving them immensely vulnerable to natural disasters.

Something similar happened in Afghanistan, where the US sent troops and supported an insurgent Afghan army – only to pull out, abandoning the country they left in ruins, with many Afghans supporting the Taliban.

In both cases, defense contractors benefited by far the most from the conflict, making billions in profits while civilians faced fallout and devastation. While the conflicts and circumstances are extremely different and while the US is obviously not solely to blame for either crisis, it's hard not to see the US-based roots of these disasters.

Today, in Haiti and Afghanistan, civilians are facing unimaginable tragedy.

Here are charities offering support in Afghanistan:

1. The International Rescue Committee is looking to raise $10 million to deliver aid directly to Afghanistan

2. CARE is matching donations for an Afghanistan relief fund. They are providing food, shelter, and water to families in need; a donation of $89.50 covers 1 family's emergency needs for a month.

3. Women for Women International is matching donations up to 500,000 for Afghan women, who will be facing unimaginable horrors under Taliban control.


4. AfghanAid offers support for people living in remote regions of Afghanistan.

5. VitalVoices supports female leaders and changemakers and survivors of gender-based violence around the world.

Here are charities offering support in Haiti:

1. Partners in Health has been working with Haiti for a long time, and they work with the Department of Health rather than around them, which is extremely important in a charity.

2. Health Equity International helps run Saint Boniface Hospital, a hospital in Haiti close to the earthquake's epicenter.

3. SOIL is an organization based Haiti, "a local organization with a track record of supporting after natural disasters." They are distributing hygiene kits and provisions on the ground to hospitals and to victims of the earthquake.

4. Hope for Haiti has been working in emergency response in Haiti for three decades, and their team is comprised of people who live and work in Haiti. They focus on supporting children and people in need across Haiti.

via Tiffany & Co.

When the new Tiffany's campaign was unveiled, reactions were mixed.

Tiffany's, the iconic jewelry brand which does not (despite what some might be misled to believe) in fact serve breakfast, featured Jay Z, Beyoncé, and a rare Basquiat painting in their recent campaign.

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Road trips can be a lot of fun — but they can also drain your wallet quickly if you aren't careful.

From high gas costs and park admission fares to lodging and the price of eating out every night, the expenses can add up quickly. But at the same time, it's very possible to do road trips cheaply and efficiently. Without the headache of worrying about how much money you're leaking, you can enjoy the open road a whole lot more. Here's how to save money on a road trip.

1. Prepare Your Budget, Route, and Packing List in Advance

If you want to save money on a road trip, be sure you're ready to go. Try to count up all your expenses before you hit the road and create a budget. It's also a good idea to plan your route in advance so you don't end up taking unnecessary, gas-guzzling detours. And finally, be sure to pack in advance so you don't find yourself having to buy tons of things you forgot along the way.

2. Book Cheap Accommodations — Or Try Camping

All those motel rooms can add up surprisingly quick, but camping is often cheap or free, and it's a great way to get intimate with the place you're visiting. You can check the Bureau of Land Management's website for free campsites. Freecampsite.com also provides great information on If you don't have a tent or don't want to camp every night, try booking cheap Airbnbs or booking hotels in advance, making sure to compare prices.

Camping camping road tripConde Nast Traveler

If you're planning on sleeping in your car, a few tips: WalMart allows all-night parking, as do many 24-hour gyms. (Buying a membership to Planet Fitness or something like it also gives you a great place to stop, shower, and recharge while on the road).

3. Bring Food From Home

Don't go on a road trip expecting to subsist on fast food alone. You'll wind up feeling like shit, and it'll drain your pocketbook stunningly quickly. Instead, be sure to bring food from home. Consider buying a gas stove and a coffee pot for easy on-the-go meals, and make sure you bring substantial snacks to satiate midday or late night cravings so you can avoid getting those late night Mickey D's expeditions.

Try bringing your own cooler, filling it with easy stuff for breakfast and lunch — some bread and peanut butter and jelly will go a long way. Bring your own utensils, plates, and napkins, and avoid buying bottled water by packing some big water jugs and a reusable water bottle. Alternatively, try staying at hotels or Airbnbs with kitchens so you can cook there.

4. Avoid Tolls

Apps like Google Maps and Waze point out toll locations, so be sure to avoid those to save those pennies. (If it takes you too far off route, you might have to bite the bullet and drive across that expensive bridge).

You can also save on parking fees by using sites like Parkopedia.

Road Trip Road TripThe Orange Backpack


5. Save on Gas

Gas can get pricy incredibly fast, so be sure that you're stopping at cheap gas stations. Free apps like GasBuddy help you find the most affordable gas prices in the area. Also, try going the speed limit on the highways — anything faster will burn through your tank. Be sure that you don't wait till you arrive at touristy locations or big cities to fill up.

6. Get a National Park Pass

All those parks can get really expensive really fast. If you're planning on visiting three or more parks, it's a great idea to get an America the Beautiful National Parks Pass. For $80 you can get into every National Park for one year.